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Policy, research, evidence and statistics

Policy, research, evidence and statistics


1. Policy context

1.1 Respectful relationships education (RRE)

1.2 Broader prevention of violence against women


2. Research

2.1 Change the story: A shared framework for the primary prevention of violence against women and their children in Australia, 2015

Change the story: A shared framework for the primary prevention of violence against women and their children in Australia (2015) is Australia’s shared framework for understanding the evidence and principles of effective prevention of violence against women and children. This framework has informed the current public policy context and will guide best practice violence prevention activity across the country.

Change the Story uses global evidence to identify the four key gendered drivers of violence against women. These are:

  • Condoning of violence against women
  • Men’s control of decision-making and limits to women’s independence in public and private life
  • Rigid gender roles and stereotyped constructions of masculinity and femininity
  • Male peer relations that emphasise aggression and disrespect towards women

2.2 Changing the Picture: Preventing violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women, 2018

Changing the Picture: Preventing violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women (2018) is a national resource to support prevention of violence against Aboriginal and Torres Islander women and their children. Changing the picture provide evidence-based information and guideline on how the society can work together to change the underlying drivers of this violence.

Our Watch worked closely with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to develop Changing the Picture, and research and consultation underlying this work indicate three main drivers that intersect to make violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women prevalent.

  • Ongoing impacts of colonisation for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, families and communities
  • Ongoing impacts of colonisation for non-Indigenous people and society
  • Gendered factors

3. The RRE evidence base

The extensive work of RRE practitioners over decades in Victoria, Australia, and internationally has provided a sound evidence base for working effectively to prevent gender-based violence in these settings.

As respectful relationships activity continues to be rolled out and evaluated, it is expected that new learning will emerge and the evidence base will adapt, contributing to opportunities to continuously improve practice.

This page highlights key documents, significant in communicating the existing evidence base.

3.1 Core elements of RRE: Vic Health and the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, 2009

In 2009, the Victorian Department of Education and Early Childhood Development released research conducted by  VicHealth which summarised the evidence base on RRE: Respectful Relationships Education Violence prevention and respectful relationships education in Victorian secondary schools.

This document identified five elements as necessary to implementing good practice:

  • A whole school approach
  • A program framework and logic
  • Effective curriculum delivery
  • Inclusive, relevant and culturally sensitive practice
  • Evaluation

3.2 Core elements of RRE: Our Watch, 2015

Respectful Relationships Education in Schools: Evidence Paper was developed by Our Watch in 2015 to support policy makers and education departments to design, implement and evaluate their commitments to RRE.

This paper reviewed existing international and national evidence, establishing seven core elements for good practice RRE:

  • Address drivers of gender-based violence
  • Taking a whole school approach
  • Integrating evaluation and continual improvement
  • Providing resources and support for teachers
  • Utilising age-appropriate, interactive and participatory curriculum
  • Establish mechanisms for collaboration and coordinated effort
  • Have a long-term vision, approach and funding

4. Statistics

Acknowledgement of country

DVRCV and the PiP network acknowledge Aboriginal people as the traditional owners of the lands and waters throughout Australia.

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